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西南地区青铜时代墓葬随葬石范习俗管窥

2016年06期 考古研究 发布时间:2017-03-27 阅读次数:422次 文章作者:周志清 (四川成都 610071)

摘要:使用石范随葬的习俗贯穿西南地区整个青铜时代,而尤以滇文化最为突出。墓主人身份可能为铸造工匠,随葬的石范具有明身份和别认同的功能。另外,该习俗在岭南、东南亚地区青铜文化中也有发现,其文化传统可能源于欧亚草原青铜文化的“铸匠墓”习俗。

关键词:石范;青铜文化;身份;铸匠墓

A Study on the Custom of Burying Stone Moulds in Tombs Appeared in Southwestern Area during the Bronze Age


Zhou Zhiqing

(Chengdu, Sichuan 610071)


Abstract: The custom of burying stone moulds in tombs, frequently appeared in Southwestern Area during the Bronze Age implies the tomb owners were casting craftsmen. This custom appeared in early Bronze Age, while prevailed in the late time of it. The custom was most prominent in the Dian Culture, spreading from Western to Middle Yunnan. Besides of Yunnan, it also appeared in bronze cultures of Guangdong, Guangxi and Southeastern Asia. It may originate from the Eurasian Steppe where casting craftsmen’s tomb also existed, thus it provides significant material for studying the communication among the Eurasian Steppe, Southwestern (including Guangdong and Guangxi) China, and Southeastern Asia.

Keywords: Southwestern China, tombs of the Bronze Age, stone mould, casting craftsmen’s tomb, technique of bronze casting, communication


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