文章作者：张天宇 （北京 100871）
The Phenomenon that Different Clan Insignias Excavated from One Tomb and the Divide between Shang and Zhou
Abstract: Different clan insignias excavated from one tomb is a normal phenomenon in bronze age tombs from late Shang to early Zhou. This paper points out that the phenomenon did not appear in the third and fourth phase of Yinxu Period in western Shaanxi plain, thus it could be considered as a dividing point between Shang and Zhou. Moreover, it also can be regarded as a dividing between Shang Culture and non-Shang Culture in late Shang Dynasty. Clan insignias unearthed from tombs of Shang Culture are comparatively “simple”, while those of non-Shang Culture in Western Zhou are “complex”. The distribution area of multi-insignia tombs in early Western Zhou is much wider than those in late Shang should owe to the Enfeoffment System started at the beginning of Zhou.
Keywords: different clan insignias excavated from one tomb, multi-insignia tomb, the divide between Shang and Zhou.